One of the obscure but interesting things I came across this week was PICOL – Pictorial Communication Language. You probably haven’t heard of it yet – it’s a fascinating project by some German graphic designers developing ” a standard and reduced sign system for electronic communication.”
So what’s a language teacher doing writing about graphic design? Well, using these PICOL icons they’ve made an interesting short documentary entitled History of the Internet – very engaging. I thought it would make a good English lesson for Upper Intermediate to Advanced students (that’s level B2 for CEF fans), or an ESP class related to computer science. Here’s the online video. There is also a YouTube version.
History of the Internet from PICOL on Vimeo.
Here are a few ideas I might use to craft an esl lesson plan out of this video. You can download a transcript of the video here: history-of-the-internet-transcript
Lead-in (10 minutes). What do your learners know about the history of the Internet? Brainstorm and mindmap a few elements of Internet history. Depending on how geeky your group is you may wish to set them homework the night before to do some very basic research (using Wikipedia, for example) so they have something to bring to the discussion.
Pre-teaching vocabulary (10-15 minutes). Assuming this is an ESP class you could focus on the general theme of language to talk about NETWORKS. Here’s a brief summary of useful material that comes up in the video:
remote connection, time-sharing, large-scale computer network, knowledge transfer, mainframe, interface, interconnected, TCP – Transmission Control Protocol, file transfer, packet switching, centralised/decentralised network architecture, node, compatibility
In ESP classes I love the way that students are usually the experts, and one of the most valuable language-learning experiences you can create is to have them explain their field to you using the language you are focusing on. Being a complete dummy in this area I will have a great time asking my B2 IT expert to explain to me what ‘TCP’ is, the difference between a mainframe and an interface, how ‘packet switching’ works for example.
You could also design a matching activity with a jumbled list of the words to be matched to definitions. A good online dictionary for computer and Internet technology terms is Webopedia.
Viewing (30 minutes). The clip is about 9 minutes long, the speech is very clear but quite fast, and the language quite challenging so even for higher-level students it should probably be viewed in three chunks. Why not design a different viewing activity for each chunk?
Follow-up. Lots of scope here. The documentary finishes with the real launch of the Internet in 1990. What I would probably do is to set a research activity where pairs have to imagine the script for a follow-on documentary concerning the main events in Internet development say from 1990-2000. This could either be structured for an oral presentation, or a piece of writing. I think this kind of activity is more meaningful when learners can do the preparation between class sessions, and can email their work for comment and correction before actually giving the presentation.
So those are some of the ingredients I would probably throw together. How would you use a video clip like this in a lesson? Share some ideas in a comment.
Every language learner has used video at some stage in their journey, and with the explosion of video on the Internet there is a huge amount of material to work with.
But have you ever been on YouTube and found that there are so many videos that you don’t know where to start? Which clips are good for my level? How do I know that they will be interesting? What if the sound quality isn’t good and I find it hard to understand?
If you have asked these questions, then there is a site that is specifically designed for you :
Yappr was designed by a guy who found that watching local television in his second language was the most fun and productive way to study.
On Yappr you can view funny or interesting videos uploaded from people all over the world, that are appropriate for language learning. Yappr members transcribe the videos and add the text, and may even post translations into 7 other languages.
As you watch and listen to the video you can pause it or replay the sentence you just heard as you follow the text. This exercises your reading and listening skills at the same time, and the video material helps your comprehension. It is a very low-stress and enjoyable way to learn. You can even download the full transcription of the video in .pdf format for vocabulary work.
The videos are graded according to their difficulty, and site members can rate the videos so you can see which are most popular. Learners also add their comments to videos, and can add them to their own favourites.
When you’ve had enough of watching videos, you can move over to the chat page where you can chat with other Yappr users. There are rooms for three English levels, and 7 other languages. You can leave messages on a forum, and search for other Yappr fans in your country.
If you are an English learner of any level, you need to have Yappr in your language-learning toolbox.